29 August 2011

20 Amazing Scientific Facts useful for competetive exams

This list explores a variety of fascinating scientific facts that you probably are unaware of. Science is still a very mysterious subject so there are millions of trivial facts about it. This will be the first of many scientific fact lists in the future.

1. There are 62,000 miles of blood vessels in the human body. Laid end to end they would circle the earth 2.5 times.
2. At over 2000 kilometers long The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth.
3. The risk of being struck by a falling meteorite for a human is one occurrence every 9,300 years.
4. A thimbleful of a neutron star would weigh over 100 million tons.
5. A typical hurricane produces the energy equivalent to 8,000 one megaton bombs.
6. Blood sucking hookworms inhabit 700 million people worldwide.
7. The highest speed ever achieved on a bicycle is 166.94 mph by Fred Rompelberg.
8. We can produce laser light a million times brighter than sunshine.
9. 65% of those with autism are left handed.
10. The combined length of the roots of a Finnish pine tree is over 30 miles.
11. The oceans contain enough salt to cover all the continents to a depth of nearly 500 feet.
12. The interstellar gas cloud Sagittarius B contains billion liters of alcohol.

13. Polar Bears can run at 25 miles an hour and jump over 6 feet in the air.
14. 60-65 million years ago dolphins and humans shared a common ancestor.
15. Polar Bears are nearly undetectable by infrared cameras, due to their transparent fur.
16. The average person accidentally eats 430 bugs each year of their life.
17. A single rye plant can spread up to 400 miles of roots underground.
18. The temperature on the surface of Mercury exceeds 430 degrees C during the day, and, at night, plummets to minus 180 degrees centigrade.
19. The evaporation from a large oak or beech tree is from ten to twenty-five gallons in twenty-four hours.
20. Butterflies taste with their hind feet and their taste sensation works on touch – this allows them to determine whether a leaf is edible.

28 August 2011

125 List of phobias - Human Fears

In many cases specialists prefer to avoid the suffix -phobia and use more descriptive terms, see, e.g., personality disorders, anxiety disorders, avoidant personality disorder, love-shyness.

  • Ablutophobia – fear of bathing, washing, or cleaning.
  • Acrophobia, – fear of heights.
  • Agoraphobia, Agoraphobia Without History of Panic Disorder – fear of places or events where escape is impossible or when help is unavailable.
  • Acousticophobia - fear of sound and voice.
  • Agraphobia – fear of sexual abuse.
  • Aichmophobia – fear of sharp or pointed objects (such as a needle or knife).
  • Agyrophobia – fear of crossing roads.
  • Androphobia – fear of men.
  • Anthropophobia – fear of people or being in a company, a form of social phobia.
  • Anthophobia – fear of flowers.
  • Aquaphobia – fear of water. Distinct from Hydrophobia, a scientific property that makes chemicals averse to interaction with water, as well as an archaic name for rabies.
  • Arachnophobia – fear of spiders.
  • Aviophobia - fear of planes or flying
  • Astraphobia- fear of thunder and lightning.
  • Atychiphobia – fear of failure
  • Autophobia – fear of loneliness
  • Aviophobia, Aviatophobia – fear of flying.
  • Bacillophobia - fear of microbes
  • Bacteriophobia - fear of bacteria
  • Balenephobia - fear of pins and needles.
  • Ballistophobia - fear of missiles or bullets.
  • Barophobia - fear of gravity.
  • Basiphobia - Inability to stand. Fear of walking or falling.
  • Bathophobia - Fear of depth.
  • Batonophobia - Fear of plants.
  • Batophobia - Fear of heights or being close to high buildings.
  • Bibliophobia - Fear of books.
  • Blennophobia - Fear of slime.
  • Blood-injection-injury type phobia – a DSM-IV subtype of specific phobias.
  • Bogyphobia - Fear of bogies or the bogeyman.
  • Bromidrophobia or Bromidrosiphobia - Fear of body smells.
  • Brontophobia or Ceraunophobia - Fear of thunder and lightning.
  • Bufonophobia - Fear of toads.
  • Cacophobia - Fear of ugliness.
  • Cainophobia or Cainotophobia - Fear of newness, novelty.
  • Caligynephobia - Fear of beautiful women.
  • Cancerophobia or Carcinophobia - Fear of cancer.
  • Cardiophobia - Fear of the heart.
  • Carnophobia - Fear of meat.
  • Catagelophobia - Fear of being ridiculed or being embarrassed.
  • Catapedaphobia - Fear of jumping from high and low places.
  • Cathisophobia - Fear of sitting.
  • Catoptrophobia - Fear of mirrors.
  • Cenophobia or Centophobia - Fear of new things or ideas.
  • Chaetophobia - Fear of hair.
  • Cheimaphobia or Cheimatophobia - Fear of cold
  • Chemophobia - Fear of chemicals or working with chemicals.
  • Cherophobia - Fear of gaiety.
  • Chiroptophobia - fear of bats.
  • Cibophobia, Sitophobia – aversion to food, synonymous to Anorexia nervosa.
  • Claustrophobia – fear of having no escape and being closed in.
  • Coulrophobia – fear of clowns (not restricted to evil clowns).
  • Decidophobia – fear of making decisions.
  • Dentophobia, Odontophobia – fear of dentists and dental procedures
  • Disposophobia, better known as "compulsive hoarding" – the fear of getting rid of or losing things.
  • Dysmorphophobia, or body dysmorphic disorder – a phobic obsession with a real or imaginary body defect.
  • Ebulliophobia - fear of bubbles.
  • Emetophobia – fear of vomiting.
  • Ergasiophobia, Ergophobia – fear of work or functioning, or a surgeon's fear of operating.
  • Ergophobia – fear of work or functioning.
  • Erotophobia – fear of sexual love or sexual questions.
  • Erythrophobia – pathological blushing.
  • Friggatriskaidekaphobia - fear of Friday the 13th.
  • Gelotophobia – fear of being laughed at.
  • Gephyrophobia – fear of bridges.
  • Genophobia, Coitophobia – fear of sexual intercourse.
  • Gerascophobia – fear of growing old or aging.
  • Gerontophobia – fear of growing old, or a hatred or fear of the elderly
  • Glossophobia – fear of speaking in public or of trying to speak.
  • Gurgephobia - Fear of the abyss, particular the ocean floor or outer space.
  • Gymnophobia – fear of nudity.
  • Gynophobia – fear of women.
  • Halitophobia - fear of bad breath.
  • Haptephobia – fear of being touched.
  • Heliophobia – fear of sunlight.
  • Hemophobia, Haemophobia – fear of blood.
  • Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia – fear of the number 666.
  • Homophobia - fear/hatred of homosexuals
  • Hoplophobia – fear of weapons, specifically firearms (Generally a political term but the clinical phobia is also documented).
  • Hydrophobia - fear of Rabies (Hydrophobia).
  • Hylophobia - fear of trees, forests or wood.
  • Ligyrophobia – fear of loud noises.
  • Lipophobia – fear/avoidance of fats in food.
  • Medication phobia – fear of medications.
  • Mysophobia – fear of germs, contamination or dirt.
  • Necrophobia – fear of death and/or the dead.
  • Negrophobia - fear of black people.
  • Neophobia, Cainophobia, Cainotophobia, Cenophobia, Centophobia, Kainolophobia, Kainophobia – fear of newness, novelty.
  • Nomophobia – fear of being out of mobile phone contact.
  • Nosophobia – fear of contracting a disease.
  • Nosocomephobia – fear of hospitals.
  • Nyctophobia, Achluophobia, Lygophobia, Scotophobia – fear of darkness.
  • Oikophobia – fear of home surroundings and household appliances.
  • Osmophobia, Olfactophobia – fear of smells.
  • Ordacleaphobia The fear of imperfection
  • Paraskavedekatriaphobia, Paraskevidekatriaphobia, Friggatriskaidekaphobia – fear of Friday the 13th.
  • Panphobia – fear of everything or constant fear of an unknown cause.
  • Pediophobia - Fear of dolls
  • Phagophobia – fear of swallowing.
  • Pharmacophobia – same as medication phobia.
  • Philophobia - fear of love
  • Phobophobia – fear of having a phobia.
  • Phonophobia – fear of loud sounds.
  • Porphyrophobia - fear of the color purple.
  • Pyrophobia – fear of fire.
  • Radiophobia – fear of radioactivity or X-rays.
  • Sociophobia – fear of people or social situations.
  • Scolionophobia - fear of school
  • Scopophobia – fear of being looked at or stared at.
  • Somniphobia – fear of sleep.
  • Spectrophobia – fear of ghost and phantoms.
  • Taphophobia – fear of the grave, or fear of being placed in a grave while still alive.
  • Technophobia – fear of technology (see also Luddite).
  • Telephone phobia – fear or reluctance of making or taking phone calls.
  • Tetraphobia – fear of the number 4.
  • Thanatophobia – fear of death.
  • Tokophobia – fear of childbirth.
  • Traumatophobia – a synonym for injury phobia: fear of having an injury.
  • Triskaidekaphobia, Terdekaphobia – fear of the number 13.
  • Trypanophobia, Belonephobia, Enetophobia – fear of needles or injections.
  • Workplace phobia – fear of the workplace.
  • Xenophobia – fear of strangers, foreigners, or aliens.
  • Xylophobia, Hylophobia, Ylophobia - fear of trees, forests or wood.

21 August 2011

Know about Alcohol - Sip Slight

Wines are made from a variety of fruits, such as grapes,
peaches, plums or apricots. The most common wines are
produced from grapes. The soil in which the grapes are
grown and the weather conditions in the growing season
determine the quality and taste of the grapes which in
turn affects the taste and quality of wines. When ripe, the
grapes are crushed and fermented in large vats to produce

Beer is also made by the process of fermentation. A liquid
mix, called wort, is prepared by combining yeast and
malted cereal, such as corn, rye, wheat or barely.
Fermentation of this liquid mix produces alcohol and carbon
dioxide. The process of fermentation is stopped
before it is completed to limit the alcohol content. The
alcohol so produced is called beer. It contains 4 to 8 per
cent of alcohol.

Whisky is made by distilling the fermented juice of cereal
grains such as corn, rye or barley. Scotch whisky was originally
made in Scotland. The word "Scotch" has become
almost synonymous with whisky of good quality.
Rum is a distilled beverage made from fermented
molasses or sugarcane juice and is aged for at least three
years. Caramel is sometimes used for colouring.

Brandy is distilled from fermented fruit juices. Brandy is
usually aged in oak casks. The colour of brandy comes
either from the casks or from caramel that is added.

Gin is a distilled beverage. It is a combination of alcohol,
water and various flavours. Gin does not improve with
age, so it is not stored in wooden casks.

Liqueurs are made by adding sugar and flavouring such as
fruits, herbs or flowers to brandy or to a combination of
alcohol and water. Most liqueurs contain 20-65 per cent
alcohol. They are usually consumed in small quantities
after dinner.

18 August 2011

One Step to Make your Heart Better-

Dr.Devi Shetty,  Narayana Hrudayalaya
(Heart Specialist) Bangalore, INDIA

A chat with Dr.Devi Shetty, Narayana Hrudayalaya(Heart Specialist) Bangalore was arranged by WIPRO for its employees The transcript of the chat is given below. Useful for everyone.

Q: What are the thumb rules for a layman to take care of his heart?

1. Diet - Less of carbohydrate, more of protein, less oil
2. Exercise - Half an hour's walk, at least five days a week; avoid lifts and avoid sitting for a longtime
3. Quit smoking
4. Control weight
5. Control blood pressure and sugar

Q: Is eating non-veg food (fish) good for the heart?
Ans: No

Q: It's still a grave shock to hear that some apparently healthy person
gets a cardiac arrest. How do we understand it in perspective?

Ans: This is called silent attack; that is why we recommend everyone past the age of 30 to undergo routine health checkups.

Q: Are heart diseases hereditary?

Ans: Yes

Q: What are the ways in which the heart is stressed? What practices do you suggest to de-stress?

Ans: Change your attitude towards life. Do not look for perfection in everything in life.

Q: Is walking better than jogging or is more intensive exercise required to keep a healthy heart?

Ans: Walking is better than jogging since jogging leads to early fatigue and injury to joints

Q: You have done so much for the poor and needy. What has inspired you to do so?

Mother Theresa , who was my patient.

Q: Can people with low blood pressure suffer heart diseases?
Ans: Extremely rare.

Q: Does cholesterol accumulates right from an early age
(I'm currently only 22) or do you have to worry about it only after you are above 30 years of age?

Ans: Cholesterol accumulates
from childhood.
Q: How do irregular eating habits affect the heart ?
Ans: You tend to eat junk food when the habits are irregular and your body's enzyme release for digestion gets confused.

Q: How can I control cholesterol content without using medicines?

Ans: Control diet, walk and eat walnut.

Q: Which is the best and worst food for the heart?

Fruits and vegetables are the best and the worst is oil.
Q: Which oil is better - groundnut, sunflower, olive?
Ans: All oils are bad .

Q: What is the routine checkup one should go through? Is there any specific test?

Ans: Routine blood test to ensure sugar, cholesterol is ok. Check BP, Treadmill test after an echo.

Q: What are the first aid steps to be taken on a heart attack?

Ans: Help the person into a sleeping position , place an aspirin tablet under the tongue with a sorbitrate tablet if available, and rush him to a coronary care unit since the maximum casualty takes place within the first hour.

Q: How do you differentiate between pain caused by a heart attack and that caused due to gastric trouble?

Ans: Extremely difficult without ECG.

Q: What is the main cause of a steep increase in heart problems amongst youngsters? I see people of about 30-40 yrs of age having heart attacks and serious heart problems.

Ans: Increased awareness has increased incidents. Also, sedentary lifestyles, smoking, junk food, lack of exercise in a country where people are genetically three times more vulnerable for heart attacks than Europeans and Americans.

Q: Is it possible for a person to have BP outside the normal range of 120/80 and yet be perfectly healthy?

Ans: Yes.

Q: Marriages within close relatives can lead to heart problems for the child. Is it true?

Ans : Yes, co-sanguinity leads to congenital abnormalities and you may not have a software engineer as a child

Q: Many of us have an irregular daily routine and many a times we have to stay late nights in office. Does this affect our heart ? What precautions would you recommend?

Ans : When you are young, nature protects you against all these irregularities. However, as you grow older, respect the biological clock.

Q: Will taking anti-hypertensive drugs cause some other complications (short / long term)?

Ans : Yes, most drugs have some side effects. However, modern anti-hypertensive drugs are extremely safe.

Q: Will consuming more coffee/tea lead to heart attacks?

Ans : No.

Q: Are asthma patients more prone to heart disease?

Ans : No.

Q: How would you define junk food?

Ans : Fried food like Kentucky , McDonalds , samosas, and even masala dosas.

Q: You mentioned that Indians are three times more vulnerable. What is the reason for this, as Europeans and Americans also eat a lot of junk food?

Ans: Every race is vulnerable to some disease and unfortunately, Indians are vulnerable for the most expensive disease.

Q: Does consuming bananas help reduce hypertension?

Ans : No.

Q: Can a person help himself during a heart attack (Because we see a lot of forwarded emails on this)?

Ans : Yes. Lie down comfortably and put an aspirin tablet of any description under the tongue and ask someone to take you to the nearest coronary care unit without any delay and do not wait for the ambulance since most of the time, the ambulance does not turn up.

Q: Do, in any way, low white blood cells and low hemoglobin count lead to heart problems?

Ans : No. But it is ideal to have normal hemoglobin level to increase your exercise capacity.

Q: Sometimes, due to the hectic schedule we are not able to exercise. So, does walking while doing daily chores at home or climbing the stairs in the house, work as a substitute for exercise?

Ans : Certainly. Avoid sitting continuously for more than half an hour and even the act of getting out of the chair and going to another chair and sitting helps a lot.

Q: Is there a relation between heart problems and blood sugar?

Ans: Yes. A strong relationship since diabetics are more vulnerable to heart attacks than non-diabetics.

Qn: What are the things one needs to take care of after a heart operation?

Ans : Diet, exercise, drugs on time , Control cho lesterol, BP, weight.

Q: Are people working on night shifts more vulnerable to heart disease when compared to day shift workers?

Ans : No.

Q: What are the modern anti-hypertensive drugs?

Ans : There are hundreds of drugs and your doctor will chose the right combination for your problem, but my suggestion is to avoid the drugs and go for natural ways of controlling blood pressure by walk, diet to
reduce weight and changing attitudes towards lifestyles.

Q: Does dispirin or similar headache pills increase the risk of heart attacks?

Ans : No.

Q: Why is the rate of heart attacks more in men than in women?

Ans : Nature protects women till the age of 45. (Present Global census show that the Percentage of heart disease in women has increased than in men )

Qn: How can one keep the heart in a good condition?
Ans : Eat a healthy diet, avoid junk food, exercise everyday, do not smoke and, go for health checkup s if you are past the age of 30 ( once in six months recommended) ....

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16 August 2011

Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams - Randy_Pausch

On September 18, 2007, computer science professor Randy Pausch stepped in front of an audience of 400 people at Carnegie Mellon University to deliver a last lecture called “Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams.” With slides of his CT scans beaming out to the audience, Randy told his audience about the cancer that is devouring his pancreas and that will claim his life in a matter of months. On the stage that day, Randy was youthful, energetic, handsome, often cheerfully, darkly funny. He seemed invincible. But this was a brief moment, as he himself acknowledged.

Randy’s lecture has become a phenomenon, as has the book he wrote based on the same principles, celebrating the dreams we all strive to make realities. Sadly, Randy lost his battle to pancreatic cancer on July 25th, 2008, but his legacy will continue to inspire us all, for generations to come.

This is amazing, he died of pancreatic cancer in 2008, but wrote a book ‘The last lecture” before then, one of the bestsellers in 2007. What a legacy to leave behind…
In a letter to his wife Jai and his children, Dylan, Logan , and Chloe, he wrote this beautiful "guide to a better life" for his wife and children to follow. May you be blessed by his insight.



1. Don't compare your life to others'. You have no idea what their journey is all about.
2. Don't have negative thoughts of things you cannot control. Instead invest your energy in the positive present moment
3. Don't overdo; keep your limits
4. Don't take yourself so seriously; no one else does
5. Don't waste your precious energy on gossip
6. Dream more while you are awake
7. Envy is a waste of time. You already have all you need..
8. Forget issues of the past. Don't remind your partner of his/ her mistakes of the past. That will ruin your present happiness.
9. Life is too short to waste time hating anyone. Don't hate others.
10. Make peace with your past so it won't spoil the present
11. No one is in charge of your happiness except you
12. Realize that life is a school and you are here to learn. Problems are simply part of the curriculum that appear and fade away like algebra class but the lessons you learn will last a lifetime.
13. Smile and laugh more
14. You don't have to win every argument. Agree to disagree.


15. Call your family often
16. Each day give something good to others
17. Forgive everyone for everything
18. Spend time with people over the age of 70 & under the age of 6
19. Try to make at least three people smile each day
20. What other people think of you is none of your business
21. Your job will not take care of you when you are sick. Your family and friends will. Stay in touch.


22. Put GOD first in anything and everything that you think, say and do.
23. GOD heals everything
24. Do the right things
25. However good or bad a situation is, it will change
26. No matter how you feel, get up, dress up and show up
27. The best is yet to come
28. Get rid of anything that isn't useful, beautiful or joyful
29. When you awake alive in the morning, thank GOD for it
30. If you know GOD, you will always be happy. So, be happy.

While you practice all of the above, share this knowledge with the people you love, people you school with, people you play with, people you work with and people you live with.
Not onl y will it enrich YOUR life, but also that of those around you

13 August 2011

SiteMap - For The Sake of Us

Keep track all links and sections of For The Sake Of Us.
Go Beyond ...
Send this to your near and dear..

08 August 2011

Friend in a Need is Friend in a Deed

Just like a rose. So precious and rare .
Is the forever friendship the two of us share.
Planted with kindness it's warmed by the sun of caring ad sharing.
laughter and fun .
It's grounded in trust ad nurtured by love .
With a sprinkling of grace from god up above.Tears of sadness ad joy .
Like dew.
Renew this friendship i share with u.Add in the heart's garden.
We find the room 2 be ourselves, 2 grow ad bloom, a blessing of beauty unsurpassed,our friend's a flower that will always last.

-- Friendship Day Happy SMS ---------

"Met you as a stranger
Took you as a friend
Hope we meet in Heaven
where friendship never ends

Life is like math. Friends ko plus kro , dushman ko minus kro, khushion ko multiply kro, Gham ko divide kro, aur hamesha muskrao

• What makes a frindship special is the way each one remembers the other when they are apart. They miss the talks, the laughs n the time they spent together. Life changes, memories don't. I miss U.

GOD is so wise that he never created FRIENDS with pricetags, Because..... if He did, I can't afford a precious FRIEND like YOU!!!

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